Cesar B. Rocha is a WHOI postdoctoral scholar who studies ocean dynamics through a combination of theory, observations, and computer simulations.

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Journal articles


D. C. Napolitano, I. C. A. da Silveira, C. B. Rocha, G. R. Flierl, P. H. R. Calil, and R. P. Martins. On the steadiness and instability of the Intermediate Western Boundary Current between 24S and 18S. Submitted (January 2019).

T. Bossy, C. B. Rocha, S. G. Llewellyn-Smith, and W. R. Young: Improved bounds on horizontal convection. Submitted (March 2019).

A. Paradise, C. B. Rocha, P. Barpanda, N. Nakamura: Atmospheric blocking statistics in a varying climate: lessons from a ‘traffic jam’ model with pseudostochastic forcing. Submitted (April 2019).


T. K. Chereskin, C. B. Rocha, S. T. Gille, D. Menemenlis, and M. Passaro. Characterizing the transition from balanced to unbalanced motions in the southern California Current, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 124, 2088-2109, doi: 10.1029/2018JC014583. (preprint.)

Rocha, C. B., Wagner, G. L, Young, W. R. (2018): Stimulated generation—extraction of energy from balanced flow by near-inertial waves, J. Fluid Mechanics, vol. 847, pp. 417–451, doi:10.1017/jfm.2018.308. (preprint.)

Ardhuin, F., Gille, S. T., Menemenlis, D., Rocha, C. B., Rascle, N., Chapron, B., Gula, J., Molemaker, J., (2017): Small-scale open-ocean currents have large effects on wind-wave heights, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012413.

Rocha, C. B., S. T. Gille, T. K. Chereskin, D. Menemenlis: Seasonality of submesoscale dynamics in the Kuroshio Extension (2016), Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071349. (project repository, corrigendum, EOS research spotlight.)

Rocha, C. B., T. Chereskin, S. T. Gille, and D. Menemenlis (2016): Mesoscale to submesoscale wavenumber spectra in Drake Passage, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 601-620, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0087.1. (preprint, data and codes.)

Rocha, C. B., W. R. Young, and I. Grooms (2016): On Galerkin approximations of the surface-active quasigeostrophic equations, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 125–139, doi:10.1175/JPO- D-15-0073.1. (pdf, arXiv, codes, algebra details, wordle.)

Rocha, C. B., I. C. A. da Silveira, B. M. Castro, and J. A. M. Lima (2014), Vertical structure, energetics, and dynamics of the Brazil Current System at 22S–28S, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 52–69, doi:10.1002/2013JC009143.

Rocha, C. B., A. Tandon, I. C. A. da Silveira, and J. A. M. Lima (2013), Traditional quasi-geostrophic modes and surface quasi-geostrophic solutions in the Southwestern Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 2734–2745. doi:10.1002/jgrc.20214.

Reports and commentary

Zaron, E. D. and Rocha, C. B., 2018: Meeting Summary: Internal Gravity Waves and Meso/Sub-mesoscale Currents in the Ocean—anticipating high-resolution observations from the Surface Water & Ocean Topography (SWOT) swath altimeter mission, 99, ES155-ES157, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0133.1.

Gray literature

Rocha, C. B., 2018: The turbulent and wavy upper ocean: transition from geostrophic flows to internal waves and stimulated generation of near-inertial waves, doctoral dissertation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego.

Gille, S. T. et al., 2018: Open Code Policy for NASA Space Science: A perspective from NASA-supported ocean modeling and ocean data analysis , White Paper on Best Practices for a Future Open Code Policy for NASA Space Science, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.

Rocha, C. B., 2015: Coupled reduced equations for strongly stratified flows, Proceedings of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA.

Rocha, C. B., 2013: Energetics, baroclinic instability and models of vertical structure in the Brazil Current region (22–28S), Dissertação de Mestrado, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil.

Rocha, C. B., 2010: A Recirculação da Corrente do Brasil: abordagem teórico-paramétrica, Monografia de Graduação, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil.

The underground press of CB Rocha

Rocha, C. B., 2018: A nova diápora científica, Unpublished OpEd submitted to Folha de São Paulo.

Rocha, C. B., 2018: RE: Kelly Slater’s Shock Wave, Unpublished letter to the Editor of The New Yorker.

Rocha, C. B., 2018: RE: How Extreme Weather is Shrinking the Planet, Unpublished letter to the Editor of The New Yorker.